What is Macular Degeneration?

Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common problem of seniors when the central part of the retina, like the film in a camera, is damaged from aging affecting central vision.   The macula is the part of the retina that is responsible for your central vision, allowing you to see fine details clearly for reading and driving.  Symptoms of macular degeneration are difficulty reading, distortion, wavy or missing vision in the center.  An Amsler grid detects problems from are-related macular degeneration but your retina specialist will perform testing to document the findings.  There is a “wet” form that rapidly causes central visual loss without treatment but is treatable in the office with anti-VEGF medication.  The “Dry” causes less visual loss but is progressive and can be slowed with AREDS 2 supplements. It is called age elated macular degeneration because it occurs in only 1% of people below age 65 and increases about 10% every decade. Other risk factors nclude smoking and a family history of macular degeneration.